The Federation Of Chinese Scholars In Australia

DETAILS:
Name

ZHANG Liangchi

Birth Year 1958
Position • Scientia Professor
• Professor of Mechanical Engineering
• Australian Professorial Fellow
• Head, Laboratory for Precision and Nano Processing technology
Professional / Institution Affiliation and address
School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering,
The University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia
Email liangchi.zhang@unsw.edu.au
Telephone +61 2 9385 6078
Mobile 0434 181 405

II. CAREER SUMMARY (Education and employment history, List major past positions and current positions):
2009– Scientia Professor, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Australian Professorial Fellow, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
2009– Head, Laboratory for Precision and Nano Processing Technology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
2009–2011 Honorary Professor, School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
2004–2006 Postgraduate Director, School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
2003–2007 Director, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
2003–2007 Associate Dean of Engineering (Postgraduate), The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
2002–2009 Professor of Mechanical Engineering, School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
2000–2002 Undergraduate Director, School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
1992–2002 Lecturer in Computational Mechanics, Senior Lecturer and Associate Professor, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
1991–1992 Research Fellow, National Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, MITI, Tsukuba, Japan
1989–1991 Post-doctoral Research Assistant, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
1985–1988 PhD candidate, Department of Mechanics, Peking University, Beijing, China
1982–1985 MEng candidate, Department of Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
1978–1982 BSc candidate, Department of Mechanics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

III. HONOURS, AWARDS AND FELLOWSHIPS:
2011 UNSW Inventor of the Year 2011, NewSouth Innovations Pty Limited, Australia
2011 Winner of the Science and Engineering category UNSW Inventor of the Year 2011 Award. NewSouth Innovations Pty Limited, Australia
2011 Finalist, The Australian Innovation Challenge - Minerals and Energy Category, supported by Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research, Shell and The Australian
2011 Elected Fellow, International Society for Nanomanufacturing
2010 President Award, for outstanding leadership and contribution to the professional community, Ausinan Society of Science and Technology
2008–2010 Most Accessed Paper in Nanotechnology, for “Ballistic resistance capacity of carbon nanotubes, Nanotechnology, 18 (2007) 475701”.
2009 Best Presentation Award: for paper "Modelling the polishing efficiency of polycrystalline diamond composites by the dynamic friction method" by Y Chen, T Nguyen, L Zhang, presented in: The 9th International Conference on Progress of Machining Technology, Kunming, China, April 25-28, 2009
2008 Australian Professorial Fellow, Australian Research Council
2007 B-HERT Award (Best Research and Development Collaboration): for research and development collaboration with Peregrine Semiconductor Australia Pty Ltd on "Surface Integrity Characterisation of Sapphire Wafers for Wireless and Fibre Optic Semiconductor Industry", sponsored by Department of Education, Science and Training, The Federal Government of Australia
2007 Top 7 Hottest Article of the Journal, “An FEM investigation into the behaviour of metal matrix composites: tool – particle interaction during orthogonal cutting, Int J Machine Tools Manufact, 47 (2007) 1497-1506”
2006 Top 6 Hottest Article of the Journal, “Prediction of cutting forces in machining of metal Matrix Composites, Int J Machine Tools Manufact, 46 (2006) 1795-1803”
2006 Ten Outstanding Scholars Native of Zhejiang Province (2006), The Government of Zhejiang Province, China
2006 Elected Fellow (FTSE), Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering
2006 Best Paper Award: for paper "Material removal mechanism in dynamic friction polishing of PCD", presented in The 8th International Conference on Progress of Machining Technology, Japan, 7-12 November 2006
2005 Higher doctorate: Doctor of Engineering, The University of Sydney, Australia
2005 Invitation Fellowship Award, Australian Academy of Science
2002 Nanotechnology Feynman Prize Finalist, Foresight Institute, USA
2001 Nanotechnology Feynman Prize Finalist, Foresight Institute, USA
2000 Distinguished Achievement Award in Machining Technology, for remarkable and consistent contributions to machining technology, presented by Japan Society for Precision Engineering
2000 Nanotechnology Feynman Prize Finalist, Foresight Institute, USA
1999 Nanotechnology Feynman Prize Finalist, Foresight Institute, USA
1999 WOM Second Prize, for poster "Indentation induced damage in silicon — new findings", presented in: The 12th International Conference on Wear of Materials, Atlanta, USA, 25-29 April 1999
1999 Best Paper Award in Advanced Materials and Structures, for paper "Nanomechanics in the indentation of monocrystalline silicon", presented in: The 2nd Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics, Canberra, 10-12 February 1999
1995 Annual Scholarship Award, for paper "Dislocation structure in alumina associated with ultraprecision grinding", presented in: The 10th Conference of the American Society of Precision Engineering, Austin, USA, 15-20 October 1995
1991 International Fellowship Award, Japan Science & Technology Agency
1987 Best Paper Award, for paper "A refined theory of a wide plate under elastic-plastic bending", presented in: National Science Conference, Beijing, China, 2-4 May 1987
1983 First prize for outstanding postgraduates, Zhejiang University, China

IV. LIST ALL POSITIONS ON BOARDS OF RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS AND PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES:
Professional Societies/Associations, Academic Committees and Funding Bodies
2011–2012 Working Committee for National Nanotechnology Research Strategy, Australian Academy of Science
2010– National Fund for Scientific Research (Belgium), Research Foundation – Flanders, Belgium (Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek – Vlaanderen)
2010–2011 Central Vice-Chancellor Postdoc Selection Committee, The University of New South Wales, Australia
2010–2011 Central Vice-Chancellor Postdoc Selection Committee, The University of New South Wales, Australia
2009 ARC Engineering and Environmental (EE) ERA Journal Ranking Panel, Australian Research Council, Australia
2008– Collaborative Research Fund Research Grants Council of Hong Kong
2008–2011 International Programs Panel, Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research, Federal Government of Australia
2007– International Committee for Abrasive Technology, The Japan Society for Abrasive Technology (JSAT)
2007– International Committee for Abrasive Technology, The Japan Society for Abrasive Technology (JSAT)
2006– International Committee for Nano-Precision Mechanical Manufacturing Technology The Japan Society for Precision Engineering (JSPE)
2005–2009 Executive Committee and Node Manager, Australian Research Network for Advanced Materials, ARC
2002– International Steering Committee, The Asia-Pacific Engineering Plasticity Society
2000– National Committee of Applied Mechanics, Engineers Australia
1993– ARC Competitive Funding Schemes, Australian Research Council, Australia
Committee of International Conferences
1992– International Scientific/ Advisory / Organising / Executive / Technical Committees Chair / member of over 130 international conferences
Editorial Boards
2012– Member, Book Series in MATLAB Applications in Engineering and Technology, Springer Verlag GmbH
2010– Honorary Director, Diamond & Abrasives Engineering
2010– Senior Editor (Nanotechnology), Insciences Journal
2009– Member, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering (English Edition)
2007– Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering
2007– Associate Editor, Chinese Science Bulletin
2007– Member, Recent Patents on Mechanical Engineering
2007– Member, International Journal of Machining and Machinabiliy of Materials
2007– Member, International Journal of Nanomanufacturing
2006– Member, Recent Patents in Nanotechnology
2006– Member, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience
2006– Member, International Journal of Physical Sciences
2005– Member, Journal of Mechanics, Materials and Processing (JSME)
2005– Advisory Editor, International Journal of Abrasive Technology
1996– Associate Editor and Board Member, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science (IMechE, Procs Part C)
Professional Societies / Associations
2011– Vice President, Association of Zhejiang University Alumni, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
2010– Honorary President, Australia Association of Zhejiang University Alumni, Australia
2007–2009 President, Ausinan Society of Science and Technology, Australia
2007–2010 Vice President, Federation of Chinese Scholars in Australia (FOCSA), Australia
Others
• University of Sydney Central Promotion Committee for Promotions to Full Professors, The university of Sydney
• Dean’s Advisory Committee, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Sydney
• College of Science and Technology Postgraduate Scholarship Ranking Committee (IPRS, APA, UPA), the University of Sydney
• University Academic Board PhD Award Sub-Committee, the University of Sydney
• University Academic Board Graduate Studies Committee, the University of Sydney
• Promotion Panel, University of Technology, Sydney
• University Academic Board Promotion Working Party (Guidelines, Policy, etc
• Acting Dean (Sept 2004), Faculty of Engineering, the University of Sydney
• Exclusions Committee, Faculty of Engineering, the University of Sydney
• Acting Head, School of Aerospace, Mechanical & Mechatronic Engineering (Nov 2000), Faculty of Engineering, the University of Sydney
• Exchange Selection Panel, the University of Sydney
• Senior Year Adviser and Deputy Senior Year Adviser, School of AMME, Faculty of Engineering, the University of Sydney
• Faculty Working Party for “Engineering in 2020”, Faculty of Engineering, the University of Sydney

V. MOST SIGNIFICANT ACHIEVEMENTS AND DISTINCTIONS:
Prof Liangchi Zhang has made many contributions in the field of manufacturing science and engineering, with specific concentrations on mechanical-manufacturing, modeling and characterization, and mechanics of advanced materials. These are briefly outlined below.
Mechanical-manufacturing
He has developed many mechanical-manufacturing processes that have enabled the birth of radically new technologies and have led to significant improvements in product quality and production efficiency.

(1) Using his invention in deformation analysis, he established an anisotropy failure theory for monocrystalline ceramic wafers for the semiconductor industry. The application of his theory in production has led to an increase of annual turnover of more than $15 million. In recognition of this achievement, he was granted the prestigious B-HERT Award for Best Research and Development Collaboration.

(2) He was the first to achieve what is now the most advanced and environmentally conscious, damage-free polishing technology for silicon wafers for the semiconductor industry. This innovation is based on his systematic research on cross-scale, stress-controlled phase transformation theories established over the past decade, which completely eliminates the hazardous chemicals that have had to be used in the CMP process in silicon wafer production worldwide.

(3) He developed the most cost-effective technology in the world for polishing polycrystalline diamond composites, which has reduced the polishing time from the previous 4 hours to the current 18 minutes. He developed innovative cutting and polishing techniques for optical polymers, which are now used in the polymer lens industry for fabricating contact/spectacle lenses.

(4) He invented a grinding-hardening technology which has had a significant impact on industry. The technology applies to a large class of steels and steel alloys, and conflates precision surface finish and hardening into a single operation that turns thermal damage into beneficial microstructures and significantly reduces toxic pollution. The resulting products have a wear resistance of two orders higher and a fatigue life of 20–100% longer than those produced by previous methods. The application of the technology is bringing huge cost reductions and energy savings in production.

(5) He developed prediction models for cutting fibre/particle-reinforced composites, which reveal the mechanisms of material removal and offer a theoretical guide for the optimal selection of cutting parameters. He discovered five independent slip systems in machined ceramics and established a theory of damage-free machining of brittle materials. This theory explains the plasticity mechanisms in many brittle materials and shows that ductile deformation in a brittle material can be achieved at a much greater length scale of material removal. It provides a theoretical basis for developing effective damage-free machining technologies for brittle materials.

(6) He invented a new cooling system for grinding and established a new relativistic theory of heat conduction. This new cooling system reduces the need for machining coolant by about 70%, with the potential for significant cost savings and significantly reduced environmental impact in the grinding industry. The theoretical innovation resolves the anomalies associated with the hyperbolic heat conduction equation (a violation of the second law of thermodynamics), provides a simple transition from the diffusion (parabolic) to the wave-diffusion (hyperbolic) heat conduction models, and lays a theoretical foundation for modelling heat conduction in high-speed machining processes.

(7) He invented a new cutting tip for mining. This tip can significantly reduce energy consumption, minimize mining dust, reduce cutting force, and improve the tool life for many tens of times. He was thus named the “UNSW Inventor of the Year 2011”.
Modelling and characterization
He has made major contributions to the establishment of new theories and their applications of macromechanics, micro-mechanics and nano-mechanics to precision and nano manufacturing. The following are some examples.

(1) He developed the consistent dynamic relaxation method, which overcomes the extreme difficulties in applying Lyapunov's dynamic criterion of stability. This criterion could not be accommodated by the previous methods, but is the only correct criterion for non-conservative systems. His innovation offers a unified approach for analyzing the complete process of the pre-buckling, buckling and post-buckling of plate and shell structures. It makes the entire solution reliable and accurate, resolves a wide range of problems with both plastic deformation and bifurcation, and is a decisive step forward in clarifying the plastic buckling paradox in the field. (see his books: TX Yu and LC Zhang, Plastic Bending: Theory and Applications, World Scientific, Singapore (1996) ISBN: ISBN: 981-02-2267; LC Zhang, Solid Mechanics for Engineers, Macmillan Press, Basingstoke, UK (2001) ISBN: 0-333-92098-8).

(2) He developed theories to predict the springback of sheet metals subjected to complex loading, with integrated accounts of the Bauschinger effect and asymmetric structural cross-sections. He developed an innovative Galerkin-Kantorovich method; using this, he established a theory for the separation of neutral strain and stress layers, to accurately predict wrinkling in sheet metal forming. He created novel constitutive theories for exploring the ductile deformation mechanisms of brittle materials and the dynamic behaviour of materials under the combined loading of high strain, high strain rate and high temperature. These theories have enabled the reliable and accurate control of a wide range of precision manufacturing processes, such as precision metal forming, micro-forming, thermo-forming of composites, piezo system fabrication and characterisation, ductile-regime grinding and polishing of ceramics and semiconductors, and high speed machining of metals.

Professor has thus been awarded many prizes in recognition of these advances, and has been admired by many other highly regarded pioneers in the relevant fields.
Mechanics of advanced materials
He has established influential mechanics theories for revealing the special properties of high-performance materials.

(1) He established the Zhang-Wang Sufficient Condition and the Vodenitcharova-Zhang Necessary Condition for cross-scale analysis of the mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and monolayer graphene. This critical, fundamental development allows unique determination of the effective Young’s modulus and wall thickness of CNTs under the umbrella of either nanomechanics or continuum mechanics. He discovered, both theoretically and experimentally, the deformation modes that can significantly promote the chemical bonding between CNTs and a polymer matrix, and the mechanism and threshold of high wear-resistance of CNTreinforced polymer composites. These have enabled the manufacture of microstructure-tailored CNTcomposites with a strong capacity for stress transfer, and provided a rational guide for making high-wearresistant CNT composites.

(2) He discovered the β-silicon phase under combined deviatoric and hydrostatic stressing and established the first constitutive theory of closed loading surfaces, which has enabled the prediction of unusual mechanical properties of materials whose multiple phase changes occur under stresses in the negative stress space. He established a sophisticated molecular dynamics system for nanoindentation and nanotribological sliding, which has corrected many conceptual errors in the area, including temperature conversion and stress calculation on the nano-scale. His work has enabled damage-free manufacturing using silicon technology.

(3) He was the first to identify the ballistic resistance of CNTs. This important discovery will bring about a new generation of armour materials and hence will bring about significant new ways to safeguard human beings. His paper concerning this discovery is one of the most frequently-downloaded articles, more than 7,000 times to date (http://herald.iop.org/TopPapers/ m40/anf/link/1311), and has been recognized and highlighted by hundreds of leading news and magazines such as News in Science and Physics World.

The quality and impact of Prof Liangchi Zhang’s research has led to many Best Paper Awards, placed him in the top category for the prestigious Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology.

VI. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF YOUR MOST IMPORTANT PUBLICATIONS (publication number, impact and citations): 600 refereed journal papers, 13000 citation and h-index = 50
Prof Liangchi Zhang has more than 450 publications and they have been well received by his peers, reflected partly by an h-index of 36 which is at the top band in his research discipline of mechanical manufacturing worldwide. The following are some of his important publications:
Examples of Monographs
TX Yu and LC Zhang, Plastic Bending: Theory and Applications, World Scientific, Singapore (1996) ISBN: 981-02-2267

LC Zhang, Solid Mechanics for Engineers, Palgrave-Macmillan, UK (2001) ISBN: 0-333-92098-8

HJ Ding, WQ Chen and LC Zhang, Elasticity of Transversely Isotropic Materials, Springer, Netherlands (2006) ISBN: 1-4020-4033-4.
Examples of Technical Papers
LC Zhang and H Tanaka, Towards a deeper understanding of friction and wear on the atomic scale - a molecular dynamics analysis, Wear, 211 (1997) 44.

LC Zhang and H Tanaka, Atomic scale deformation in silicon monocrystals induced by two-body and threebody contact sliding, Tribology International 31 (1998) 425.

I Zarudi and LC Zhang, Structural changes in mono-crystalline silicon subjected to indentation – experimental findings”, Tribology International, 32 (1999) 701.

WCD Cheong and LC Zhang, Phase transformations in silicon monocrystals due to nano-indentation, Nanotechnology, 11 (2000) 173.

T Vodenitcharova and LC Zhang, Effective wall thickness of a single-walled carbon nanotube, Physical Review B 68 (2003) 165401.

K Mylvaganam and LC Zhang, Chemical bonding in polyethylene-nanotube composites: A quantum mechanics prediction, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 108 (2004) 5217.

LC Zhang, I Zarudi and K Xiao, Novel behaviour of friction and wear of epoxy composites reinforced by carbon nanotubes, Wear, 261 (2006) 806.

A Pramanik, LC Zhang and JA Arsecularatne, Prediction of cutting forces in machining of metal matrix composites, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 46 (2006) 1795.

K Mylvaganam and LC Zhang, Ballistic resistance capacity of carbon nanotubes, Nanotechnology, 18 (2007) 475701.

C Wang and LC Zhang, A critical assessment of the elastic properties and effective wall thickness of singlewalled carbon nanotubes, Nanotechnology, 19 (2008) 075705.

K Mylvaganam, LC Zhang and K Xiao, Origin of friction in films of horizontally oriented carbon nanotubes sliding against diamond, Carbon, 47 (2009) 1693.

CY Gao and LC Zhang, Constitutive modelling of plasticity of fcc metals under extremely high strain rates, International Journal of Plasticity, 32-33 (2012) 121.

VII. MAIN EXPERTISE:
• Precision manufacturing
• Bio-manufacturing
• Nanotechnology
• Characterisation of advanced materials
• Tribology
• Solid mechanics
• Computational mechanics

VIII. VISIONS (related to China and Australia from the area of expertise):
Manufacturing has always been a major wealth-creating sector in developed economies and will remain the cornerstone of long-term economic growth. It is manufacturing that underpins all scientific and technological disciplines in the modern society, including the development in energy, bio, micro and nano technologies. Most of today‘s complex and important technological problems are inseparably connected to manufacturing issues. Successful innovative solutions in scientific disciplines rely on manufacturing, because deep insights can only be obtained with the aid of instruments properly manufactured. Since the new century, the advances in electronics, optics, telecommunication, biology, medical surgery, energy generation, resource exploration, environment protection, and security and defence have brought about further challenges and opportunities for developing manufacturing technologies. In the mean time, they have produced veritable onslaught of manufacturing fundamentals, because they straddle the discipline boundaries of engineering and sciences, and the interdisciplinary issues often dictate that a team should have a mix of talent and skills covering many disciplines and open up access to a broad range of appropriate facilities.

Individual teams worldwide have made significant impacts on the manufacturing of macro, micro and nano products. To make new fundamental breakthroughs and develop innovative products, it is now an essence in breaking the boundaries and limitations of single area technologies with truly integrated expertise and infrastructure to explore the bridging science, realize the full scale interdisciplinary technologies, optimize the existing manufacturing techniques, enable vital research inventions, and maximize the interaction of academic researchers with direct industrial innovations.